30 AMAZING FACTS ABOUT CAUCASIAN HONEY BEES
Main advantages of the Caucasian honeybees:

  1. Longest proboscis (up to 7.3mm).
  2. Most gentle.
  3. Most agile and persistent.
  4. Winter hardy. Caucasus mountains have very harsh climate and is home to highest peaks in Europe (5642 m; 18,510 ft).
  5. Very productive.
  6. Produces highest amount of honey in seasons of poor nectar supply.
  7. Produces highest amount of honey in unfavourable climatic conditions.
  8. Caucasian bees are important factor of high yield.
  9. Highest effective flight range among other honeybee races.
  10. Collects honey from different plants simultaneously.
  11. Able to fly in light rain.
  12. Able to fly in fog.
  13. The only bee race with a highly effective pollination index of all legumes.
  14. Superior vision which allow Caucasian bees to fly in fog and have better orientation.
  15. Thanks to longest proboscis Caucasians can utilize well the deep-tube flowers like Clover, Lucerne (Alfalfa) etc.
  16. Form strong colonies.
  17. Low inclinations towards swarming or swarm very little.
  18. Queens bees are good tempered, gentle, calm and non-aggressive. At most 1-2 h after colony control it conforms to the new arrangements and are set to the normal working conditions. In some European honeybee races this can only be achieved in 2 or 3 days.
  19. Cohabitation of two queen bees in the single hive is not uncommon for Caucasian bees.
  20. Produce more propolis than any other bee race (Propolis is one of the most powerful wide spectrum natural antibiotics used in medicine from antient times).
  21. Hardier to American Foulbrood (AFB) than standard bee races.
  22. Protect food supplies well and use frugally.
  23. Low or insignificant aggression on horse, geese or other animals sweat.
  24. Single bee stinging doesn't cause nearby bees to sting simultaneously as a reaction to apitoxin
  25. As a most gentle, non-aggressive bee race it is very suitable from the juridical point of view, as with the Caucasian bees there will be no or minimal lawsuits against beekeepers from neighbouring residents.
  26. Most suitable race for hybrid lines.
  27. Most suitable race for urban beekeeping (great orientation in city buildings, an urban version of mountains & cliffs, beside is gentle and non-aggressive to humans and animals; collects honey from scarce nectar resources and from wide variety of plants).
  28. Many of the world’s leading experts in beekeeping such as A. Butlerov, F. Benton, A. Root, E.F. Phillips, V. Alpatov. K. Gorbachev, I.N. Klingen, J. Hoffman and others were familiar with Caucasian bees and recognized their distinctive and unique characteristics.
  29. Caucasian bees have a special hematolymphoid group and protoreticular tissue, which distinguishes them from other honey bee races.
  30. Caucasian bees won three gold medals at the international competitions. First Gold Medal was given in 1961, at the International Exhibition of Gardening in Erfurt (Germany); at the jubilee celebration of the APIMONDIA 20th International Congress of Agriculture in Bucharest (Romania), 1965, and at the APIMONDIA 23th International Congress of Agriculture in Moscow, 1971.